/Metadata 1103 0 R/ViewerPreferences 1104 0 R>> The plates were visualized with vanillin–H, Institute of Biology, College of Science, University of the Philippines, Diliman, Quezo, the root extract was rechromatographed in 5% EtOAc in petroleum ether. In a similar way a screening exercise was carried out to determine the antipyretic potential of the extract using yeast induced pyrexia method in rats. endobj View abstract. Flowers pale. Efficiency on water use was measured by comparing the water use on hydroponic with the control during the plant growing period. endobj Access scientific knowledge from anywhere. The objective of this review is to consider the phytoconstituents from six species under the genus Amaranthus (A. retroflexus, A. spinosus, A. viridis, A. caudatus, A. hypocondriacus and A. tricolor). Extracts from four leaves: Ceratotheca sesamoides (Endl. ��!14+8��eEo΀Rb*�dP�l� )-��;�P����zY����DA�j�>��\��;\:�=S��6��TNmԴ��X�Z!��C��eɱ>DNK��`�D[ ʄ � �W��|�;���F1�/�%,��. Pigweed (Amaranthus viridis L.), belonging to the family Amaranthaceae, is commonly known with different names such as Amaranth, Slender amaranth, Chinese spinach, Caruru, and Tampala. ... Phenolic compounds: Two phenolic compounds such as Amaranthine (20) and Isoamaranthine (21) bearing anti-malarial activities are known from the medicinal plant A. spinosus (Figure 4) (Hilou et al. used in Nigeria as edible vegetables were tested for antiviral activities using the measles virus on Human Epidermoid carcinoma (HEP-2) cell line. Amaranthus viridis is an ecumenical species in the botanical family of Amaranthaceae, which has been traditionally used to treat several skin diseases along with some antilipidemic activities. The results of the statistical analysis showed that MEAV had significant (p<0.01) dose dependent antinociceptive and antipyretic properties at 200 and 400 mg/kg. <> Amaranthus viridis, A. retroflexus, A. hybridus, A. gracilis, A. gangeticus, A. paniculatus, and A. graecizans are wild types. Through bioassay directed fractionation of the. C. Y. Ragasa, E. S. Javier, I. G. Tan. Weed Research, Japan, 20(4):153-156 Keywords: ABTS, Amaranthus viridis, Antioxidants, Aqueous extract, Cancer, DPPH. Amaranthus viridis L. seeds were reported to be dispersed by manure in upland DSR agroecosystems in the Philippines (Galinato et al., 1999). While some of the plants of this family have important nutritional value, others are considered toxic and/or hazardous weeds and many efforts have been made in controlling them. Both extracts significantly increased the BR. The leaves of Amaranthus are a potential alternative source of betalains because of their betacyanin pigments, and they also show anticancer activity. Hence present investigation reveals the antinociceptive and antipyretic activities of methanolic extract of Amaranthus viridis. Amaranthus viridis L., known in the Philippines as Spinach Tagalog and Kolitis, is sold in the market as vegetable. : 6. Another study reported that after treatment with A. viridis methanol extract, normal and streptozotocin induced diabetic rats exhibited a significant increase in body weight and a decrease in blood glucose, total cholesterol, and serum triglycerides [3]. ethyl-5α-cholesta-7, 22, 25-trien-3β-ol (1b). Structural information about the flavonols was obtained from the retention time characteristics, the UV-visible spectra and the mass spectra without, In the course of our studies on naturally occurring cardioactive agents, we investigated the effects of water and methanol extracts of a Chinese crude drug “Huajiao” the dried fruit of Zanthoxylum bungeanum, on the spontaneous beating rate (BR) of embryonic mouse myocardial cell sheets in culture. x��=َ9���zY@9p��W2��Q��>��]�م=r�\�i��R�ݞ?ڷ��m��~�2�gf�u���7�j)�"���d�f����>�����h�����;?��Ã��/fNj�Y�8? Carlsson, R. 1980. 46: 1181. It has got medicinal properties. Amaranthus is a cosmopolitan genus of annual or short-lived perennial plants collectively known as amaranths. Amaranthus viridis is a vigorous, erect, branched, annual plant growing 10 - 100cm tall. It is reported to exhibit antiviral and anticancer properties [1] and antinociceptive activity [2]. The subacute toxicity study of the aqueous extract of A. viridis at doses of 200, 400 and 600 mg/kg showed no signs of toxicity on biochemical, hematological or histological parameters. Some amaranth species are cultivated as leaf vegetables, pseudocereals, and ornamental plants.Most of the Amaranthus species are summer annual weeds and are commonly referred to as pigweeds. Chemistry of Natural Compounds, Vol. <> Abstract. A. retroflexus consists of high number of reported phytoconstituents. of. O. D. Omodamiro 1*, M. A. Jimoh 2 and P. U. Ezurike 1. 51, No. The study concluded that the promising antioxidant capacities of A. viridis extract can further be utilized in various agricultural, pharmaceutical, and food applications. K . Leaves alternate to 15 cm long. On the growth and chlorophyll content in the leaves of Amaranthus viridis with sowing the seed once a month through the year. Amaranthus viridis grains were cultivated by National Horticultural Research Institute (NIHORT), Kano, Nigeria and matured grains were collected after 14 weeks (April to July, 2015). endobj In view of the efficacy of these extracts in inhibiting the cytopathic effect (CPE) of measles virus without harming the host, the utilization of the extracts in the formulation of new antiviral drugs is strongly recommended especially when the availability and the very low cost of these vegetables are considered. ... Council of Scientific and Industrial Research, New Delhi. & Throes) and Amaranthus viridis (Linn.) 2006;Stintzing et al. of Amaranthus viridis showed no evidence of single dose toxicity (2000 mg/kg) when studying acute toxicity. Amaranthus viridis L., known in the Philippines as Spinach Tagalog and Kolitis, is sold in the market as vegetable. Original-research-article. This research aimed to study the effectiveness of red and green spinach as UVB protection for Btk. aureus, and Trichophyton mentagrophytes. Amaranthus – is the scientific name of Kulitis CHAPTER II REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE Kulitis Kulitis (Amaranthus viridis L. ) is alleged to originate from the lowland Tropical South and Central America and it was introduced into other warm places of the world. Administration of the extracts was applied to both laboratory animals at the doses of 200 and 400 mg/kg body weight, respectively. Information will be presented in tables for the convenience of readers, and many structures of natural products are presented. In the present study, the effects of trilinolein on the growth of non-small cell lung carcinoma A549 were investigated. The object of research is the amaranth plant of three species – forage (Amaranthus caudatus L.), grain (Amaranthus cruentus L.) and decorative (Amaran-thus hipochondriacus L.). RM�Wݣ���H�q��Zv"o�y�WO/�v�*����0SĵTr�NN�M��^����i�?���'�X}ß���_��]�bz��we������~�TͤpH^p8+����4��h �&�����y�+��n�� antioxidant properties and involved compounds was observed between different maturity stages of daylily flowers. The present study was conducted to evaluate the phenolics, antioxidant and antimicrobial activities of leaf and seed extracts from an edible herb namely Amaranthus viridis L. The extract yields of active components, produced using pure and aqueous methanol, from the leaves and seeds ranged from 5.4 to 6.0 and 2.4 to 3.7%, respectively. © 2008-2020 ResearchGate GmbH. They have a long leaf stalk with a broad base tapering to a pointed tip. The extensive discussion section will focus mainly (but not only) on studies of active compounds production. 2 0 obj Full Length Research Paper Pharmacognostic evaluation of the Amaranthus viridis L. Musharaf Khan1*, Shahana Musharaf2, Mohammad Ibrar1 and Farrukh Hussain1 1Department of Botany, University of Peshawar, Pakistan. S . Year 1986 A survey study for the use of pesticides and fertilizers was carried out with 740 market gardeners. (Hue et al., 2017, The methanol extract of the tubers of Polygonum perfoliatum L. afforded a new lignan: 8-oxo-pinoresinol (1), and five known compounds 3',5-dihydroxy-3,4',5',7-tetramethoxy-flavone (2), catechin (3), quercetin (4), quercetin-3-O-β-D-glucuronide (5) and rutin (6). In addition to general chemical composition that was presented in previous cited publications, two more interesting articles did the same. Trilinolein treatment induced the upregulation of pro-apoptotic Bax, downregulation of anti-apoptotic Bcl-2 expression, which was associated with the proteolytic activation of caspases and the concomitant degradation of poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP) protein. Amaranthaceae plants -medicinal activities Section C-Review AMARANTHACEAE PLANTS OF ISRAEL AND PALESTINE: MEDICINAL ACTIVITIES AND UNIQUE COMPOUNDS, A Comprehensive Review on the Phytoconstituents from Six Species of the Genus Amaranthus, Metabolites of the Vietnamese Plant Amaranthus viridis, Antinociceptive and Antipyretic Activities of Amaranthus Viridis Linn in Different Experimental Models, Virucidal potential of some edible Nigerian vegetables, Antimutagenic terpenes and sterols from Vitex parviflora, Secondary Metabolites of Cinnamomum cebuense, Antioxidant and antimicrobial activities of Chowlai (Amaranthus viridis L.) leaf and seed extracts, Trilinolein Inhibits Proliferation of Human Non-Small Cell Lung Carcinoma A549 Through the Modulation of PI3K/Akt Pathway, P9 Inhibition of P-glycoprotein by polyprenol in human breast cancer cells, Amasterol, an ecdysone precursor and a growth inhibitor from Amaranthus viridis, Cytoprotective and anti-inflammatory effects of spinasterol via the induction of heme oxygenase-1 in murine hippocampal and microglial cell lines, Natural Products Derived from Philippine Plants, A new lignan with anti-tumour activity from Polygonum perfoliatum L, Antioxidant properties and involved compounds of daylily flowers in relation to maturity. subtilis and Pseudonomas aeruginosa). We report herein ... All content in this area was uploaded by Consolacion Ragasa on Feb 09, 2015, 1) Chemistry Department and Center for Natura. Antimicrobial activity tests on sample 1 indicated that it was slightly Botanical Name : Amaranthus viridis L. Common Name : Dhimbdo, Green Amaranth Plant Family : Amaranthaceae Plant Form : Herb Occurrence (Sectors) : 1, 5, 18, 27, 30 Occurrence (Special Areas) : Gujarat Forestry Research Foundation, Indroda Park, Sarita Udyan, Infocity About Amaranthus viridis Plant : Habit : Erect or diffuse annual unarmed herbs, simple or branched, 20 - 80cm tall. Intracellular reactive oxygen species seem to play a role in the trilinolein-induced apoptosis, since ROS were produced early in the trilinolein treatment. Overall, daylily flowers at opening stage possess the highest functional benefit and thus would be the appropriate harvesting stage in view of the nutritional consideration. All rights reserved. Flowers densely clustered in elongate spikes. These results suggest that spinasterol has a therapeutic potential against neurodegenerative diseases that are caused by oxidative stress and neuroinflammation. <>/ExtGState<>/XObject<>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text/ImageB/ImageC/ImageI] >>/MediaBox[ 0 0 595.32 841.92] /Contents 4 0 R/Group<>/Tabs/S/StructParents 0>> The inhibitory action of the extracts from C. sesamoides and L. taraxacifolia were greatest at high concentrations of 15 mg/ml when the virus had already penetrated the cell. At the present time, 60 species of Amaranthus are documented with Amaranthus viridis popularly known as “tete” in Yoruba being the most widely cultivated vegetable *Corresponding author: Babatunde T. Amaranthus viridis . The inflorescence, the flowering part of the plant, is a dense spike of small green flowers. However, the efficacy of this nanoformulation against weeds commonly found in crop cultures has not been tested yet. 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